rough

rough
rough [rʌf]
1. adjective
   a. ( = not smooth) [skin, cloth] rêche ; (harder) rugueux ; [track] raboteux
• he'll be a good salesman once we knock off the rough edges il fera un bon vendeur lorsque nous l'aurons un peu dégrossi
   b. ( = unrefined) [person, speech, manners] rude
   c. ( = difficult) (inf) [life] dur
• to have a rough time (of it) en voir de dures (inf)
• don't be too rough on him ne sois pas trop dur avec lui
   d. (British) ( = ill) to feel rough (inf) être mal fichu (inf)
   e. ( = violent) [person, treatment] dur
• to be rough with sb (physically) malmener qn
• he's very rough with his little brother il malmène son petit frère
• a rough neighbourhood un quartier difficile
   f. [weather] gros (grosse f) ; [sea, crossing] agité
   g. ( = approximate) [calculation, translation, estimate, description] approximatif
• at a rough guess à vue de nez
• can you give me a rough idea (of) how long it will take? à votre avis, ça prendra combien de temps environ ?
• I've got a rough idea (of) what it looks like je vois à peu près à quoi ça ressemble
• he gave a rough outline of the proposals il a donné les grandes lignes des propositions
• rough draft brouillon m
• rough sketch ébauche f
2. adverb
• to sleep rough coucher sur la dure
• to live rough vivre à la dure
3. noun
( = ground) terrain m accidenté ; (Golf) rough m
• to take the rough with the smooth prendre les choses comme elles viennent
4. transitive verb
• to rough it (inf) vivre à la dure
5. compounds
► rough-and-ready adjective [method] rudimentaire ; [person] fruste
► rough justice noun justice f sommaire
► rough work noun brouillon m
* * *
[rʌf] 1.
noun
1) (in golf) rough m
2) (draft) brouillon m; (sketch) ébauche f

in rough — au brouillon

2.
adjective
1) [hand, skin, material] rêche; [surface, rock] rugueux/-euse; [terrain] cahoteux/-euse; [landscape] sauvage

to smooth (off) the rough edges — (of stone, glass) polir

2) (brutal) [person, behaviour, sport] brutal, violent; [area] dur

to be rough with — être brutal avec

to get rough — devenir violent

3) (approximate) [description, map] sommaire; [figure, idea, estimate] approximatif/-ive

rough justice — justice f sommaire or expéditive

4) (difficult) dur, difficile

to be rough on somebody — [person] être dur avec quelqu'un

it's rough on you — c'est dur pour toi

a rough time — une période difficile

to give somebody a rough ride — rendre la vie dure à quelqu'un

5) (crude) grossier/-ière
6) (harsh) [voice, taste, wine] âpre
7) (stormy) [sea, crossing] agité; [weather] gros/grosse; [landing] mouvementé
8) (colloq)

to feel rough — se sentir patraque (colloq)

3.
adverb (outdoors)

to sleep rough — dormir à la dure

Phrasal Verbs:
••

to rough it — vivre à la dure


English-French dictionary. 2013.

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